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Unit 4: Taxi and private hire vehicle maintenance and safety inspections

Unit 4: Taxi and private hire vehicle maintenance and safety inspections

Private Hire and Taxi

Unit aim and purpose

The purpose of this unit is to enable learners to understand how to maintain a taxi or private hire vehicle to a legal standard for the safe transport of fare-paying passengers.  This unit is suitable for learners who work as drivers in the taxi and private hire industries and those who are preparing to enter the industry.

Unit introduction

The taxi and private hire industry is highly regulated and vehicle maintenance and safety inspections are key.  They are expected by customers and enforceable by legislation.  Learners will need to know how to prepare and clean the vehicle in preparation for fare-paying passengers and understand the relevance of Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) regulations.  They will need to be able to list the cleaning agents most suitable for cleaning the interior and exterior of the vehicle, as well as describing how to dispose of waste products safely.

Learners will need to understand the need for regular vehicle servicing and maintenance and how to carry out a routine safety inspection. They will also need to know the requirements of the regulations for the inspection and testing of a licensed vehicle.  Learners will need to understand the role that the Vehicle Operator and Services Agency (VOSA) undertakes and the powers of authorised persons in respect of the testing of vehicles.   An understanding of the implications of compliance, prohibition, defect, advisory notices, penalties and suspensions is also required.

Learners will understand the driver’s responsibility in relation to environmental standards and the reporting of accident damage to the licensing authorities.  Learners will also need to understand how to monitor vehicle systems between service intervals and inspections and understand how the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 determine what course of action is required in order to ensure standards are maintained.  This encompasses the requirement for the learner to understand the legal requirements regarding the maintenance and selection of tyres.

This unit is based on Unit 15 (Routine cleaning of passenger transport vehicles) of the GoSkills’ National Occupational Standards for Road Passenger Vehicle Driving.


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